Though dementia generally involves memory loss, memory loss does have different causes. So memory loss alone doesn’t mean you have dementia. However, if instances of memory loss and forgetfulness are becoming more frequent and there are other symptoms present then there may be an underlying condition that requires investigation.
Common symptoms can include:
- Memory lapses, such as struggling to remember recent events.
- Difficulty taking in new information.
- Difficulty in completing daily tasks.
- Being unable to remember names, people or items.
- Becoming confused about time and place.
- Changes in ability to reason or make decisions.
- Changes in personality or behaviour, including becoming angry, upset and frustrated.
- Difficulty in holding a conversation.
- Becoming withdrawn and a reluctance to socialise.
- Difficulties with speech or vision.
If you are concerned that you or someone you know is exhibiting some of these symptoms then seek medical advice. In preparation for visiting your doctor or healthcare professional try and keep a diary of what symptoms are being exhibited and how often. This can help identify patterns of behaviour that may help with a diagnosis.
As mentioned previously, having symptoms associated with dementia does not mean you have dementia. There are many other medical conditions that have the same symptoms and that is why a correct diagnosis is crucial.