Mid-stage dementia brings an increasing number of challenges both for carers and for those living with the condition. Although nothing can prepare you for all the complications of caring for a loved one with dementia, understanding the disease should help you cope with the difficulties it brings.

1. Difficulty in expressing thoughts

As dementia progresses, it can become increasingly difficult for those living with the condition to express their thoughts. Even simple ideas can be hard to articulate, something that can be very frustrating for a person experiencing mid-stage dementia.

2. Frustration with every day tasks

Everyday tasks like getting dressed, showering and brushing teeth can become a battle. A person with mid-stage dementia might refuse to bathe or refuse to put clothes on for no apparent reason. This can be difficult and upsetting for their loved ones.

3. Inappropriate behaviour

It’s not uncommon for people living with mid-stage dementia to exhibit inappropriate behaviour. They might say inappropriate things to carers or act inappropriately around loved ones and even strangers.

4. Difficulties in communication

As words and phrases become harder to recall, and information harder to take in, communication is likely to become more difficult. Carers should be patient and calm when trying to communicate with people living with mid-stage dementia.

5. Increased agitation

Changes to personality, confusion and frustration can all lead to increased agitation for those with mid-stage dementia. Carers will need to learn how to calm their loved ones and how to avoid situations that trigger agitation.

6. Lack of independence

During mid-stage dementia, a lot of people living with the condition will begin to lose their independence. They might have to stop driving and may find they can’t go shopping, go to a restaurant or even make dinner at home alone.

7. Constant care

It’s not uncommon for people with mid-stage dementia to require round the clock care. This care is needed to ensure they stay safe and that they’re able to cope with everyday tasks and challenges.

8. Increased memory loss

The memory loss that many people living with dementia experienced in the early stages of the disease is likely to accelerate as the condition progresses. Memory aides and visual cues can help those with dementia to cope with poor memory.